About

The Jalmani programme will be implemented by the State Governments through the Gram Panchayat/Village Water and Sanitation Committees, the scarcity of drinking water is seen to be the core issue in our area. More specifically, in our tribal Panchayat water scarcity is very acute. As per the 73rd Amendment of the Constitution, providing drinking water to all rural households is included in the 11th Schedule, and the Gram Panchayat can play a very crucial role is provisioning of drinking water. Accessing drinking water in terms of household tap connections at the door step is still a dream for all of us. Only a few of the villages in our block have pipe water supply. The pipe water supply systems in many villages are also not functioning despite all the required infrastructure being in place. This is because of poor maintenance of assets like handpumps, tube wells pipe network and some administrative issues related to collection of user fees and payment of energy charges etc.

"Water is Life" if it is pure"
Water is vital for life and one of the basic needs for the survival of human and other living beings, next to air. An average person needs 4 liters of clean water every day to survive—this is not surprising given that 70% of our bodies are actually made up of water! As water is such a necessity, insufficient supply of safe drinking water or contaminated (impure) drinking water, poses a challenge and a threat.Water grows our food, water keeps us clean and healthy, water facilitates all the important body functions, and water is an instrument of healthy life. If we are not serious about safe drinking water management, many fatal water borne diseases can affect men, women and children of the Gram Panchayat. An overview of some of the diseases:

Infectious diseases associated with water
Transmission Route Description Examples of infections Control
Waterborne Water act as a passive vehicle for the infective agent,thus transmission is via consumption of contaminated water *Bacterial infections, e.g. salmonella typhoid,enterobacteria,cholera
*Viral infections,e.g. hepatitis A, rotavirus
*Parasitic infections,e.g. amoebiasis,giardiasis,intestinal protozoa,ascariasis,hookworm
Improve water quality
Water-washed Infections as a result of insufficient quantities of water for personal or domestic hygiene *Enteric infections,e.g. certain diarrhoeal diseases and gastroenteritis
*Skin infections,e.g. scabies
*Lice-borne infections,e.g. typhus
*Eye and ear infections,e.g. otitis,conjuctivitis,trachoma
Increase water supply; improve hygiene practices
Water-based A necessary part of the life cycle of the infective agent takes place in an aquatic organism; thus infection is transmitted through repeated contact with or ingestion of contaminated water e.g. bathing or washing clothes *Infections caused by crustaceans,e.g. guinea worm disease(dracunculiasis)
*Infections caused by fish,e.g. diphyllobothriasis
*Infections caused by shellfish,e.g. flukes,schistosomiasis(bilharzias)
Control snail populations;reduce surface water contamination
Water-related(Vector-borne) Infections spread by insects that breed in water or bite near it *Infections caused by mosquitoes,e.g. malaria,yellow fever,haemorrhagic fever
*Infections caused by tsetse flies,e.g. trypanosomiasis(sleeping sickness)
*Infections caused by blackflies,e.g. onchocerciasis(river blindness)
Destroy breeding groups; use mosquito netting